Listen to your body

Whether its dull and achy or sharp and stabbing, back pain can make it hard to concentrate on your job. Unfortunately, many occupations  such as nursing, construction and factory work  can place significant demands on your back. Even routine office work can cause or worsen back pain. A number of factors can contribute to back pain at work:
– Force. Exerting too much force on your back  such as by lifting or moving heavy objects – can cause injury.
– Repetition. Repeating certain movements can lead to muscle fatigue or injury, particularly if you are stretching to the limit of your range of motion or using awkward body positioning.
– Posture.  Slouching exaggerates your backs natural curves, which can lead to muscle fatigue and injury.
– Stress. Pressure at work can increase your stress level and lead to muscle tension and tightness, which can contribute to or worsen back pain. You can take steps to prevent back pain and injuries at work. For example:

– Include physical activity in your daily routine. Maintaining a healthy weight minimises stress on your back. Combine aerobic exercise such as swimming or walking with exercises that strengthens and stretches your back muscles and abdomen.
– Pay attention to posture. If you stand for long periods at work, occasionally rest one foot on a stool or small box. While you stand, hold reading material at eye level. To promote good posture when sitting, choose a chair that allows you to rest both feet flat on the floor while keeping your knees level with your hips. If the chair doesnt support your lower backs curve, place a rolled towel or small pillow behind your lower back. Remove your wallet or cell phone from your back pocket when sitting, to prevent putting pressure on your buttocks or lower back.
– Lift properly. When lifting and carrying a heavy object, lift with your knees and tighten your core muscles. Hold the object close to your body and lift it between your legs. Maintain the natural curve of your back.
– Modify repetitive tasks.  Think about how you can modify repetitive tasks at work to reduce physical demands on your body. If youre on the phone most of the day, try a headset. If you work at a computer, make sure that your monitor and chair are positioned properly. Avoid unnecessary bending, twisting and reaching. Limit the time you spend carrying heavy briefcases, purses and bags. Consider using a rolling suitcase.
– Listen to your body. If you must sit or stand for a prolonged period, change your position often. Try taking a 30-second break every 15 minutes to stretch, move or relax. Or, stand up, stretch and change positions each time you answer the phone, make a call or do another routine task.
– Address stress. Stress can make you tense and prone to injury. Use positive coping mechanisms  such as deep-breathing exercises, taking a walk around the block or talking about your frustrations with a trusted friend  to handle stress in a healthy way.